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2021年秋季高三开学摸底考试英语试题

来源: 日期:2021-09-11 10:50 阅读:

 

 2021年秋季高三开学摸底考试(英语试题

 

本试卷共8页。全卷满分150分。考试用时120分钟。

 

注意事项:

1. 答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2. 回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

3. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

 

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What will the woman do this afternoon?

A. Go for a walk.   B. Wash her clothes.   C. Go shopping.

2. Why did the girl fail the test?

A. She got all the answers wrong.  

B. She left the test sheet blank.  

C. She wrote the answers in the wrong place.

3. What types of books does the man like reading now?

A. Love stories.   B. Detective stories.   C. Science fiction.

4. What will Celia do?

A. Find a player.   B. Play basketball.   C. Watch a game.

5. What does the man mean?

A. Listen to some light music.  

B. Stop playing such loud music.  

C. Look at the planes overhead.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. Where does this conversation take place?

A. In a post office.   B. In a bookstore.   C. At a library.

7. How much should the man pay in total?

A. $2. 30.   B. $10.   C. $12. 30.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Schoolmates.   B. Colleagues.   C. Neighbors.

9. Why did the man change his school?

A. Helen advised him to.  

B. His family moved there.  

C. He disliked his previous school.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. Why does Michael feel sorry?

A. He is having a lot of problems.  

B. He forgot his grandmother’s birthday.  

C. He hasn’t called his grandmother for a long time.

11. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. Michael’s birthday.  

B. Michael’s grandfather.  

C. Michael’s school affairs.

12. How does Michael probably feel when applying for the college?

A. Worried.   B. Confident.   C. Disappointed.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. A trip to a zoo.   B. Kids’ favorite trip.   C. An introduction of a zoo.

14. How long do the speakers want to stay?

A. About 4 hours.   B. About 6 hours.   C. About 8 hours.

15. Where will the speakers probably eat lunch?

A. At home.   B. At a restaurant.   C. At the zoo.

16. What can they experience at the zoo?

A. Giving eggs to snakes.  

B. Catching little birds.  

C. Giving food to elephants.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. Where is the talk given?

A. At a birthday party.  

B. At a routine meeting.  

C. At an opening of a club.

18. Why does the speaker give Joan Miller a special welcome?

A. To wish her a happy birthday.  

B. To thank her for her coming.  

C. To invite her to join the club.

19. What can the participants do after lunch?

A. Chat with each other.  

B. Clean the meeting room.  

C. Have a birthday party.

20. What can be one of the club’s aims?

A. Expanding members.  

B. Donating food.  

C. Offering companionship.

 

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题; 每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

   阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出最佳选项。                      

A

Four remarkable inventions

For more than half a century, the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) has been the place for companies and inventors to display their newest and coolest gadgets.

Here are our picks for some of the most interesting and creative inventions.

The Sweet Little Rolling Robot

Samsung has released Ballie, a tennis-sized robot that can follow you around the house, answer your questions, and entertain your pets. Since it’s equipped with a camera, it can keep an eye on your home while you’re away. It’s like a smart assistant that goes wherever you do, rolling into your bedroom to ring your wake-up alarm, rolling to the kitchen to turn on the toaster and giving you the weather report as you brush your teeth.

The Insoles to Pick Up Your Pact

Any runner knows the right shoes are key to your speed. But Nurvv insoles promise more than mere cushioning. The insoles transmit data to a coaching app, which offers information on your technique and performance. It measures your foot strike and assesses your injury risk. The app then generates personalized workouts to set targets and help you beat your best speeds. Half marathon, here you come!

The No-Studio-Needed Yoga Class

Can’t keep up your commitment to a yoga studio membership? The Yoganotch personal yoga assistant lets you drop into a virtual class any time you want. Follow along with a set series while 3-D sensors tell you whether you need to straighten your legs a bit more. The idea it that it improves your form while reducing the risk of injury.

The Dau-Enhanced Grill

While working by sight, smell and feel, a chef may appreciate Weber’s new Smart Grilling Hub. It can monitor your pork and turkey while an app gives advice about cooking technique and safe temperatures.

21. What can the Sweet Little Rolling Robot do?

A. Feed your pets.

B. Hay tennis with you.

C. Take you wherever you want.

D. Assist you to do your housework.

22. Which of the following is suitable for a runner?

A. Ballie. B. Nurvv.

C. Yoganotch. D. Smart Grilling Hub.

23. What do we know about the Weber’s invention?

A. It uses virtual reality.

B. It is convenient for cooking.

C. It makes meals for you automatically.

D. It helps you do well in your yoga exercises.

 

B

Though leaders from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) have announced a first-of-its-kind postponement of the Tokyo Summer Olympics because of the corona virus epidemic, people all over the world are still concerned about its preparations. Officials from the Tokyo Olympic Committee say they are sparing no effort and announce the Tokyo Summer Olympics in 2021 is going green. The 5, 000 medals Japan has made are more special than most.

One novel focus of the Tokyo Olympics is to be"sustainable”-to avoid using too many natural resources, so that the games are easy on the environment. As part of this goal, the organizers decided to make all of the Olympic medals out of metal recycled from old electronics.

Almost all electronics are made with small amounts of “precious metals”, like gold and silver. But collecting enough of these metals to make 5, 000 medals was a huge challenge. That’s because the amount of metal in each device is tiny. It would take about 20, 000 cell phones to get just l kilogram of gold.

Beginning in April 2017, the organizers placed collection boxes around the country, and asked people to turn in their old electronic devices. Soon people began to respond to the initiative(倡导), turning in smart phones, digital cameras, handheld games, and laptops. At first, collection went slowly, but soon more and more areas began to take part. By the end, 1, 621 local governments had helped out with the collection process.

Then came the job of breaking those devices down into smaller pieces. After being taken apart and sorted, the small electronics were smelted(熔炼)to get all the gold, silver, and bronze elements. This is a tricky job, which calls for careful attention and good skill. It’s also dangerous, because some of the metals and other things aren’t safe for people to touch or breathe.

By the end of March, 2019, the organizers had hit their targets of getting enough metal for the medals. They had collected around 32 kilograms of gold, 4, 100 kilograms of silver and 2, 200 kilograms of bronze. And now all the 5, 000 medals are available for the would-be winners.

24. What can we know about the Tokyo Olympics medals?

A. They are hugely valuable.

B. They are of high quality.

C. They are made from e-waste.

D. They are designed uniquely.

25. What does Paragraph 4 mainly tell us?

A. The difficulty of making the medals.

B. The initiative to recycle used smart phones.

C. The classification of the collected devices.

D. The process of collecting old electronics.

26. The underlined word “tricky” in Paragraph 5 means _______.

A. creative B. demanding

C. well-paid D. time-consuming

27. What’s the purpose of Tokyo’s way of making the medals?

A. To advocate sustainable use of resources.

B. To promote the spirit of Olympic Games.

C. To introduce a new technique to make medals.

D. To show the gravity of environmental damage.

 

C

Many of us spend part of each day surrounded by strangers, whether on our daily commute(上下班往返), or sitting in park or cafe. But most of them remain just that-strangers. However, new evidence has shown that plucking up(鼓起)the courage to strike up conversation might be good for our health.

Nicholas Epley from the University of Chicago and Juliana Schroeder from the University of California are behavioral(行为的)scientists. They wanted to know whether solitude is a more positive experience than interacting with strangers, or if people misunderstand the consequences of distant social connections. They found that many people feel uncomfortable and frightened talking to others and their research suggested that when we make an initial conversation “we consistently underestimate(低估)how much a new person likes us. ” It seems we think that all the things could go wrong and why someone wouldn’t want to talk with us.

Their research involved an experiment with a group of Chicago commuters and found that “every participant in our experiment who actually tried to talk to a stranger found the person sitting next to them was happy to chat.” From this and other research, the conclusion is that connecting with strangers is surprisingly pleasant and it has a positive impact on our well-being. It’s true that talking can make you feel happier and happiness can lead to better mental health.

However, if you’re an introvert(性格内向者), the thought of speaking to someone new might make you anxious. But the American research found “both extroverts(性格外向者)and introverts are happier when they are asked to behave in an extroverted manner. ” So maybe, if you’re a loner, it’s time to come out of your shell and make some small talk with a stranger-it could be the beginning of a new friendship.

28. What does the underlined word “solitude” in paragraph 2 mean?

A. Being calm. B. Being pleasant.

C. Being alone. D. Being healthy.

29. Why might we not want to speak to a stranger?

A. Because we don’t trust a new person.

B. Because we can’t find a common topic.

C. Because we like distant social connections.

D. Because we feel the stranger may dislike us.

30. What could help start a new friendship?

A. Making a small talk.

B. Sitting next to a stranger.

C. Sharing personal details.

D. Behaving in polite manner.

31. Which of the following is the best title for the text?

A. How to be an extrovert.

B. Talking to strangers.

C. How to speak to strangers.

D. Making new friends.

 

D

September is an exciting month in every college freshman’s life. For many, it’s the first time that they’ve left home to live in a new environment. But after the hustle and bustle of a few weeks, excitement gives way to a less enjoyable emotion — homesickness.

Homesickness manifests itself in many ways. You may miss mum’s cooking, your pets, or even your old bed. All this becomes a fond memory of the past. Homesickness can be a bitter feeling for many students, especially when faced with the challenges of settling into an unfamiliar environment.

But remember, you’re not alone. According to a recent BBC article, 70 percent of British college students experience homesickness. In this increasingly globalized world in which people migrate to faraway places for a relationship, education or work, homesickness is a feeling shared by many adults.

Homesickness can have similar symptoms to depression and in extreme cases it can develop into a panic attack. As for the term, homesickness or nostalgia wasn’t invented until the 17th century. It was considered a disorder by a Swiss physician, who attributed soldiers’ mental and physical discomfort to their longing to return home, “nostos” from Greek, and the accompanying pain, “algos”.

Studies in recent years, however, have shown that nostalgia may have some benefits to our mental health. After a decade of surveys and researches, Constantine Sedikides, a US social psychologist, found that nostalgia is what makes us human. He explains that nostalgia can resist loneliness, boredom and anxiety. Therefore, it’s necessary for college students to learn some ways to overcome the uncomfortable feeling.

32. From the first two paragraphs, we can infer that ________.

A. homesickness means a fond memory of the past

B. only a few students will experience homesickness

C. homesickness is an enjoyable emotion among freshmen

D. college freshmen usually suffer from homesickness after weeks

33. According to the passage, we can know that ________.

A. homesickness may cause mental diseases

B. homesickness is a feeling only shared by adults

C. homesickness won’t do any good to our health

D. homesickness is also called nostalgia in Switzerland

34. What is most likely to be discussed in the paragraph that follows?

A. some benefits about homesickness

B. other problems in college freshmen’s life

C. how to make campus life more meaningful

D. some tips on how to cope with homesickness

35. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Let’s embrace homesickness

B. How to fit into the college life

C. A harmful emotion — homesickness

D. The disadvantages of homesickness

 

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

   阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。            

How to Feel Connected

It’s easy to feel disconnected from what is going on around you in today’s fast-paced world.    36    You can get in touch and feel connected, however, by following the tips below:

Consider why you feel disconnected. Knowing what is making you feel disconnected can help you choose the best ways to address it.    37    Ask yourself these questions: Are you keeping yourself occupied with work too much? Do you rely on electronic communication instead of face to face communication? Do you lack friendships that are satisfying?

Interact with people in person. Technology is a great way to stay in touch, but sometimes you need to spend time with other people in person.    38    You can also take steps to feel more connected by making small-talk with strangers who are sharing parts of your day.

    39    

Your loved ones could feel shy, so you may never know how to improve your relationship unless you ask the right questions. Asking them to open the doors can give you some insight on what you can do. Learning this information can help to strengthen your bond.

Show your commitment to them. Simply showing up and being there for your loved ones says a lot about how much you value your relationships. Putting in the time shows them that you are committed and want to stay connected.    40    

Show appreciation. A simple “thank you” goes a very long way. Unfortunately, it is something that people who are close often take for granted. Telling someone you appreciate their time, love, and efforts can strengthen your bond and help you to become more connected.

A. Ask others what they need from you.  

B. Sometimes you can feel isolated and distant from the ones you love.  

C. Be brave to express your love.  

D. Reach out to people to schedule a time to get together.

E. Attending family events, or simply visiting someone once a week can help to strengthen your relationship and keep it strong.

F. Targeting your efforts toward those issues allows you to close that distance more effectively.

G. You can have a gift delivered to friends on special occasions.

 

第三部分  语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

   阅读下面短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Students start a joyful hotline to cheer people up

Wouldn’t a joyful message lift your spirits during this time of coronavirus(新冠病毒)isolation(隔离)?

A group of Calgary Board of Education students in the Ever Active Recreation program set out to    41    people’s lives during this hard time.

The program is called joy 4 All which encourages anyone, especially the    42   , to share their own messages through a hotline that provides pre-recorded    43    stories, kind messages and jokes.

Jamie Anderson, a teacher at Ever Active Schools, encouraged his students to take an active part. “Many people are experiencing    44    to connection with others, so the students decided to bring joyful messages to phone lines to    45    as many people isolated from others as possible to cheer them up, ” Anderson said.

Ali Ahmad, 16, one of the students for Joy 4 All, said he wanted to make a    46    during the time. “Through this project we will be able to    47    people isolated at home with something they can always look forward to in their day.    48   , it can lighten the    49    and even help save lives, ” he said. “We    50    wanted to reach out to seniors, and people in nursing homes and hospitals, but later we also want to connect with other parts of the community, like families who are at home. ”

Another student    51    for Joy 4 All, Jared Quinn, 20, said he wanted to help those who were dealing with isolated families. “I’m doing this mainly because of my    52    with isolation. My grandparents, who live in a different province, were    53    to come and visit, but now they can’t owing to the isolation policy, ” said Ouinn.

The program is due to    54    in June, but Anderson hopes students will continue their project for as long as the public health guidelines are in    55   .

41. A. enjoy   B. brighten   C. save   D. strengthen

42. A. youth   B. doctors   C. senior   D. teachers

43. A. satisfying   B. discouraging   C. disappointing   D. inspiring

44. A. barriers   B. access   C. approaches   D. solutions

45. A. maintain   B. stretch   C. reach   D. construct

46. A. difference   B. fortune   C. comment   D. sacrifice

47. A. entrust   B. compare   C. present   D. replace

48. A. Accidentally   B. Frequently   C. Personally   D. Hopefully

49. A. load   B. mood   C. virus   D. weight

50. A. initially   B. eventually   C. exactly   D. approximately

51. A. adviser   B. supporter   C. applicant   D. survivor

52. A. influence   B. fantasy   C. experience   D. infection

53. A. accused   B. supposed   C. persuaded   D. determined

54. A. start out   B. set up   C. carry out   D. come to an end

55. A. advance   B. vain   C. place   D. conclusion

 

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Countries receiving Chinese vaccines

China is providing vaccine aid to 53 developing countries    56    (include) Pakistan, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin said Monday. China has exported or is in    57    process of exporting vaccines to 22 countries, the spokesperson told a routine press briefing.

China has taken concrete steps    58    (honor) its pledge to make vaccines global public goods, once available, with greater affordability and    59    (accessible) in developing countries, Wang said. China    60    (join) COVAX up to now and decided to offer 10 million vaccines to the    61    (internation) sharing scheme,    62    (main) to help meet the needs of developing countries, he    63    (add).

“China will continue its vaccine cooperation with relevant    64    (country), offer support within its capability and make concrete contributions to securing a victory    65    the pandemic as soon as possible and to building a global community of health for all,” Wang said.

 

第四部分 写作(共两节;满分40分)

第一节 (满分15分)

为迎接北京申办2022年冬奥会成功,某英文报开设了一个我最喜欢的体育运动员专栏。请用英语写一篇短文,介绍你最喜爱的体育运动员,要点如下:

1. 该人物的基本信息。

2. 该人物在运动生涯中所取得的成就。

3. 你喜欢他/她的理由。

注意:1. 词数100左右。

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

Finally, the bell rang. “Don’t forget to practice your class presentation at home! ” Miss Bella cried as everyone started talking and packing their school bags. Jessy felt sick. She hated having to read aloud in class. She was sure everyone got really bored listening to her. Once, when Jessy was reading out her holiday diary, Lee was even looking at his watch, a silver and blue one which seemed just magical.

Jessy watched Lee walk ahead of her as they left school. He seemed so clever, and he had a certain sort of shining confidence. He was just one of those people who were good at everything. Jessy sighed. As she turned the corner, she saw Lee’s watch lying right in the middle of the path.

Jessy knew she should just pick it up and return it to him, but she didn’t want to run after him. Jessy bent down quickly, picked up the watch and ran home. On arriving home, Jessy put it on almost without thinking. She was surprised it fitted so well. She walked to the mirror and started practicing her speech. Words just flooded out of her. “I’m going to talk about swimming. I have been lucky. I’ve won lots of competitions. But when I’m in a race, I’m not really thinking about winning. I’m just loving the feeling of being in the water...” Jessy laughed with excitement. She walked across the room. She suddenly seemed to have a certain sort of confidence. Turning back to the mirror, Jessy saw a flash of light from the watch in the glass. The flashes of silver seemed almost magical. So maybe Lee’s watch really DID have something magic about it.

The next day, as the lesson began, Miss Bella asked who was going to be brave and go first. Nobody moved. Jessy slowly raised her arm. Before Miss Bella could say anything, there was a shout from behind. “She’s stolen my watch! ” Lee said angrily, “It went missing at school yesterday. ”

注意:1. 续写词数应为150左右;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Everybody was fixing their eyes on Jessy, waiting for an explanation.

 

 

Miss Bella smiled and asked the class to listen to Jessy’s speech first.